orthopaedic clinic singapore

How much do you know about Osteoarthritis?

If you want to know about Osteoarthritis, then you are in the right place. In this article, we are going to discuss about Osteoarthritis. Click here for orthopaedic clinic singapore.

 

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic disorder associated with alterations in the cartilage and surrounding tissues, and is characterized by pain, stiffness and loss of function. Visit this site for orthopaedic clinic singapore.

Some points

Arthritis caused by the involvement of articular cartilage and surrounding tissues becomes very common with aging.

Pain, swelling and excessive bone growth are common, as well as stiffness upon waking or after a period of inactivity, which disappears after 30 minutes, especially if the joint moves.

The diagnosis is based on the symptoms and the results of the radiographs.

The treatment includes exercises and other physical measures, drugs that relieve pain and improve function and, for very serious alterations of the joint, joint replacement or other surgical intervention.

Osteoarthritis, the most frequent joint disorder, usually begins at ages between 40 and 50 years and affects to some degree almost all people from 80 years of age. Before age 40, men have osteoarthritis more often than women, often as a result of trauma. Many people have some sign of osteoarthritis on radiographs (often at the age of 40), although only half of them have symptoms. Between 40 and 70 years of age, women have this disorder more frequently than men. After 70 years, the disorder develops in both sexes equally.

Classification

  • Primary
  • High school

Osteoarthritis is classified as primary (or idiopathic) when the cause is unknown (as in the vast majority of cases). Primary osteoarthritis can affect only certain joints, such as the knee, or many of them.

In secondary osteoarthritis the cause is another disease or pathology, such as

  • An infection
  • A congenital joint abnormality
  • An injury
  • A metabolic disorder, for example, excess iron in the body (hemochromatosis) or excess copper in the liver (Wilson’sdisease)
  • A disorder that has injured joint cartilage, for example, rheumatoid arthritis or gout